The sheer volume of nuclear missiles that had been amassed by each side meant that a nuclear apocalypse was possible. The Crisis would not have become so intense if so much had not been at stake.
US chart showing Cuban missile sites
US spy planes spotted the construction of missile bases on Cuba. These were capable of launching ICBMs (intercontinental ballistic missiles). Soviet nuclear weapons were now in America’s ‘backyard’.
This led the Americans to assume that the Russians had altered their thinking from subscribing to the MAD (Mutually Assured Destruction) theory to a ‘first strike’ policy.
Khrushchev’s decision to place nuclear weapons on Cuba can be seen as an attempt to counteract NATO's Jupiter missiles in Turkey.
These missiles were a similar distance from the USSR as Cuba was to the USA, and had the potential to strike anywhere in the USSR.
Welcome to History (Humanities Faculty)
R Mills (PT Humanities), K Gallagher, R Smith, D Reid
The Archive contains 3500 hours of film footage and 12,000,000 still images of key social history, sport and entertainment events from 1896 to 1970. A rich source of material for many subject areas in the curriculum, the Archive can be used by young people in exciting and innovative ways to create materials which demonstrate their own understanding of a given issue. British Pathe
Pupils of all year groups are encouraged to view information online to help them while studying History. The following websites are useful to begin with:
BBC Bitesize National and Higher
Click Here for the Senior Course Booklet
Britain in 1900
Past Papers and Answers Click Here.