A festival is a celebration of life. It is a celebration entertainment or series of performances of a certain kind, often held periodically. Festival breaks the monotony of life. They bring peace and joy to the masses. All nations have their religious and cultural festivals. Indian festivals are numerous. They are harmonious rich varied and colorful.
Indian festivals are as varied as the people themselves. They can broadly be divided into three categories national or political religion and seasonal. Most Indian festivals have their in religion or in the myths and legends of popular faiths. Some are connected with the memory of very respectable men and events. They are intended to keep alive the memory of those events and personalities and inspire people to follow their examples.
National festivals like the Republic Day, The Independence Day , Gandhi Jayanti ,etc are celebrated with great patriotic zeal. These days have been declared as national holidays and are celebrated in all parts of the country with a lot of enthusiasm holidays and are celebrated in all parts of the country with a lot of enthusiasm. The capital New Delhi is the seat of national celebrations on such occasions. It witness one of the most majestic parades on the Republic Day. Apart from the Armed Forces School children from across the country also participate in this parade.
Diwali is the most prominent of Hindu festivals. It is the festival of lights. on this day Hindus celebrate the return of Lord Rama to Ayodhya after the victory over Ravana. The houses are cleaned and whitewashed. People wear new clothes. Businessmen start their new accounts. Sweets are distributed. On its day people from all walks of life light up their homes. Crackers are burst and the children as well as the youth enjoy them.
Ram Navami is celebrated s the birthday of Lord Rama. Janmastmi is celebrated as the birthday of Lord Krishna. Durga Pooja is celebrated in Benal Assam Orissa and some other parts of India. It is celebrated with great pomp and shoe. Goddess Durga is worshipped for five days. On the fifth day the statue of the goddesses immersed in water in Northern India , dusserra is observed as Vijaya Dashmi celebrating victory of good over evil of Rama over Ravana. In Maharashtra lord Ganesha is worshipped with the great pomp and show.
Holi is celebrated at the end of winter season. Raslila a cultural dance of Manipur is staged during this festival. The dance is dedicated to Lord Krishna and the glop is. Holi is a festival of colors. People throw color on one another. It is celebrated in honors of Prahlad. It celebrates the victory of good over evil,.
Chath is celebrated in Bihar and also in other parts of India. Sun god is worshipped early in the morning on this day. Sweets and fruits are offered to sun god.
Guru Nanak Dev birthday is celebrated by Sikhs and members of other communities. On this occasion religious congregation are attended lamps are lit and crackers are burst. The days of martyrdom of Guru Arjun Dev and Guru Teg Bahudur are also of special significance to the community.
Christmas is the most important festival of Christians. It is celebrated as the birthday of Lord Jesus Christ on 25th December. The Christmas tree is decorated with artificial stars , lights , toys ect on this days. Cakes and puddings are served. Children get dressed in new clothes. Any person disguised as Santa Claus distributes sweet among children. Prayers are offered in churches.
Jews celebrate their festivals in a similar fashion as those of Christians. They go to the synagogue to pray before the Almighty. The parses celebrate Naoroz during August September each year. It is the beginning of their new year.
The seasonal festivals are celebrated in different ways all over the country. Bihu is celebrated with great pomp and show in Assam. Baisakhi is celebrated as a mark of harvesting the wheat crops in Punjab. Onam is celebrated in Kerla as a harvest festival. Pongal is also a similar festival celebrated in Tamil Nadu. Basant Panchami is celebrated throughout North India and West Bengal.
Festivals also have a negative influence on our society. The brushing of crackers during Diwali pollutes the atmosphere. Gambling disturb public life. During Holi , drunkards brawl in the streets. Temples are decorated at the cost of millions of rupees. The money used for such events could be utilized for the economic development of the country.
Color is an essential part of Holi. But it must not be sprayed on people who resent it. The bursting of crackers should be minimized. Festival should be celebrated with simplicity. People belonging to other communities should be invited during religious festivals. This will help in promoting national integration and communal harmony.
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India is a land of the festival due to the diverse population with multiple ethnicity and religion. Hindu, Muslims, Sikhs and Christians live in harmony and celebrate their festivals with great pomp and show. National holidays are sanctioned by the government to mark the occasion in style. For some, festivals are unnecessary distractions but for others, they are very important.
Amalgamation of people: During the festival, people exchange gifts with one another and celebrate the events together. In fact, it is one of the best times to meet friends and family members which otherwise is not possible. For instance, Durga Pooja is organized every year in which a lot of people participate with great fervor, Song and dance with devotional bhajans adorn the day and night as people pray to Goddess Durga for her blessings. It is a wonderful event that brings happiness to the lives of the people.
Beneficial for business: Festival is the time when people shop a lot prompting the retail stores to provide heavy discounts to the buyers. During Christmas, Diwali or Eid people tend to purchase gifts not only for each other but also to decorate their homes. As a matter of fact, the sales of vehicles and electronic items also increase during the festive period. Businesses have a gala time during the festival and they especially wait for the occasions to make a sound profit.
Happiness all-around: One of the benefits of the festival is that it helps to inculcate a sense of happiness among the people. They gather or visit each other, talk over the dinner and chill out in a relaxed environment. It is a welcome break from the mundane routine of performing household chores and office work. Festivals add color to the life and make people aware of their emotional connection with God.
Taking care of the poor: One of the most important charity activities during the festival is feeding the poor and giving them alms. It is a wonderful gesture especially from the rich people to give back to the society. In short, the occasion increases the feeling of brotherhood among the neighbors as they meet and have a good time.
Eating out: In the modern age, families rarely have free time left on their hands, therefore festival is the only event when they can go out and have a good time at the malls. Some prefer to watch movies while others dine in multi cuisine restaurants. It is a celebration of sorts for them irrespective of their religious or ethnic affinity.
Bond of love: The world is full of enmity and prejudices among the people as they try to compete with each other both in terms of wealth and fame. During the festival, they can meet and forge a bond of companionship and love. God has taught people to love and not indulge in blind hatred, therefore it is vital for them to assimilate the teachings and implement them in real life during the festival. It would go a long way in removing animosities from the prejudiced minds and make the world a better place.
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